[1]吕富渊.18世纪英国关于犬类税的争论[J].西华师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2015,(04):34-39.
 Lü Fu-yuan.Debates on a Dog Tax in the 18th Century England[J].Journal of China West Normal University(Philosophy & Social Sciences),2015,(04):34-39.
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18世纪英国关于犬类税的争论
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《西华师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版)》[ISSN:1672-9684/CN:51-1674/C]

卷:
期数:
2015年04期
页码:
34-39
栏目:
出版日期:
2015-07-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Debates on a Dog Tax in the 18th Century England
作者:
吕富渊
北京师范大学历史学院,北京100875
Author(s):
Lü Fu-yuan
College of History,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China
关键词:
犬类税18世纪英国动物权利
Keywords:
dog tax18th centuryEnglandanimal rights
分类号:
K561.43
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
在近代英国,针对过多犬类对于公共健康、财产安全、狩猎法维护与济贫等造成的问题,民众与政府在犬类管理上经历一个由屠杀到征税的过程。对犬类征税旨在限制其数量,但是也引发了持续整个18世纪的争论。在国家权力限度、狩猎法改革、公共道德改革等方面的争论反映出养犬长期成为英国社会问题的归因指向。直到18世纪下半期,动物主体权利的主张开始出现,犬类地位上升,养犬才由多余成为必需。1796年《犬类税法》的通过以立法的形式肯定了这种变化,从而保障了英国普通民众养犬的权利。
Abstract:
In modern England,faced with the problems of public health,property security,game laws maintenance and poor relief caused by dogs,English people and government managed dogs through killing to taxing.Taxing of dogs with the aim at limiting their number,however,caused debates through out the whole 18th century.Concerning the range of state power,game laws reform,public moral reform,debates on the dog tax reflect dogs being the blame for social problems.Until the late half of 18th century,the rights of dogs did not occur and their status rise,holding dogs being failure to become necessity from waste.The Dogs Tax Act of 1796 affirmed such change,guaranteeing English mens rights to hold dogs.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-03-28 作者简介:吕富渊(1986-),男,山西文水人,北京师范大学历史学院在读博士,研究方向为英国史。 18世纪英国关于犬类税的争论
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-07-25