[1]董乾坤.乡村社会中的帝国:明清乡厉坛的组织与管理[J].西华师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2014,(06):11-19.
 DONG Qian-kun.The Rural Society,s Empire:the Organization and Management of the Township Altar during the Ming and Qing Dynasties[J].Journal of China West Normal University(Philosophy & Social Sciences),2014,(06):11-19.
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乡村社会中的帝国:明清乡厉坛的组织与管理
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《西华师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版)》[ISSN:1672-9684/CN:51-1674/C]

卷:
期数:
2014年06期
页码:
11-19
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Rural Society,s Empire:the Organization and Management of the Township Altar during the Ming and Qing Dynasties
作者:
董乾坤
复旦大学历史地理研究中心,上海200433
Author(s):
DONG Qian-kun
Center for Historical Geographical Studies,Fudan University ,Shanghai 200433 ,China
关键词:
明清乡厉坛制度地方实践运作管理
Keywords:
Ming and Qing Dynastytownship altarsystemlocal practiceoperation and management
分类号:
D69
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
洪武三年(1370),明政府建立厉坛制度,随之向全国推广,后被清王朝所继承,而与乡村社会密切相关的则是乡厉坛。作为帝国的符号,厉坛制度的建立成为国家控制地方乡村的重要途径,经过明清两代政府及地方官员的推广,虽然其间屡有荒废,但成功地融入于乡村民众生活之中。在政府主导下的乡厉坛逐渐荒废之后,地方民众结合自身社会组织及历史传统的乡厉坛却不绝于缕,成为明清乡村社会的重要活动之一。
Abstract:
In the third year of Hongwu period (1370), the Ming government established the altar system and then promoted it all over the country and was inherited by the Qing Dynasty. The one that was closely related to the rural society was the township altar. As the imperial symbol,the establishment of altar system became an important way to control the countryside. Although it was frequently abandoned ,it had successfully integrated into the rural public life through the promotion of the government and local officials in Ming and Qing Dynasties.After the township altar was gradually abandoned under the guidance of the government,the local people constantly engaged in the ritual activities of the township altar in combination with their own social organization and historical traditions,which became one of the important activities of the rural society in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-07-30 作者简介:董乾坤(1981-),男,安徽亳州人,复旦大学历史地理研究中心博士生,研究方向为明清历史社会文化地理。
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-11-25