[1]张春义.大晟府雅乐乐器考[J].西华师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2014,(03):100-108.
 ZHANG Chun-yi.Textual Research on the Instrument of Classical Music of DaSheng Musical Ministry in the Song Dynasty[J].Journal of China West Normal University(Philosophy & Social Sciences),2014,(03):100-108.
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大晟府雅乐乐器考
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《西华师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版)》[ISSN:1672-9684/CN:51-1674/C]

卷:
期数:
2014年03期
页码:
100-108
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-05-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Textual Research on the Instrument of Classical Music of DaSheng Musical Ministry in the Song Dynasty
作者:
张春义
嘉兴学院中文系,浙江 嘉兴314001
Author(s):
ZHANG Chun-yi
Department of Chinese Language and Literature,Jiaxing University,Jiaxing 314001,China
关键词:
大晟府雅乐乐器制造应用
Keywords:
DaSheng musical ministryinstrument of classical musicmanufacture and use
分类号:
J619.4
摘要:
大晟雅乐器的制造和使用,前期依刘昺“中、正”理论,后期依蔡攸“太、正、少”理论。故大晟雅乐器除丝、革、木3部外,其余金(编钟)、石(编磬)、竹、匏、土(埙)5部乐器均分为前后两个系统。政和八年之前,大晟雅乐器分为正声、中声、清声3组;但此后蔡攸废中声、清声而用太声、正声、少声3组。前期依刘昺理论制造的乐器,曾推行于天下,但后期依蔡攸理论制造的乐器,则只局部应用。故今存大晟雅乐器基本上是正声、中声、清声系统的乐器。
Abstract:
According to the relevant record,it is definitely correct that two leading musical theorys,including Liu Bings musical theory of “zhongsheng and zhengsheng”(composing elegant,gentle and formal music)and Cai Yous musical theory of “taisheng,zhengsheng and shaosheng”(taking musical rhyme as phonology rule),was successively put in practice,concerning the manufacture and use of DSMMs musical instruments. Accordingly,the DSMMs musical instruments,including five categories of metal,stone,bamboo,gourd and soil,except three categories of silk,leather and wood,were manufactured and used successively in the light of two schemes of Liu Bings musical theory and Cai Yous one. Before1118 A.D.,the DSMMs musical instruments were divided into three sets of “zhongsheng,zheng-sheng and qing-sheng”.After 1118 A.D.,Cai You,a chief executive of DSMM,abolished Liu Bings system of “zhongsheng and qingsheng”and adopted the system of “taisheng,zhengsheng and shaosheng”. As a matter of fact,Liu Bings musical instruments were in widespread use and Cai Yous ones only gained partial influence due to a serious deficiency of transmission and effect. Therefore,the whole of existing DSMMs musical instruments mainly belongs to Liu Bings system of “zhengsheng,zhongsheng and qingsheng”.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-03-20 基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(12BZW032) 作者简介:张春义(1967-),男,江西宜春人,嘉兴学院文法学院中文系教授,文学博士,研究方向为宋代文史及音乐文学。
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-05-25