[1]廖德明,李佳源.话语中的反预设及其触发机制[J].西华师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2014,(03):50-56.
 LIAO De-ming,LI-Jia yuan.Antipresupposition and the Trigger Mechanism in the Utterance[J].Journal of China West Normal University(Philosophy & Social Sciences),2014,(03):50-56.
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话语中的反预设及其触发机制
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《西华师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版)》[ISSN:1672-9684/CN:51-1674/C]

卷:
期数:
2014年03期
页码:
50-56
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-05-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Antipresupposition and the Trigger Mechanism in the Utterance
作者:
廖德明1李佳源2
1.西华师范大学文学院,四川 南充637009;2.西华师范大学管理学院,四川 南充637009
Author(s):
LIAO De-ming1LI-Jiayuan2
1.School of Chinese Language and Literature, China West Normal University,Nanchong 637009, China; 2.School of Management, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637009,China
关键词:
反预设适当性域条件最大化预设
Keywords:
antipresupposition appropriateness domain condition maximize presupposition
分类号:
H030
摘要:
摘要:反预设主要是由表达信念与级差含义的词如think, know,a, the,all和both触发:一个带有think、a、all语词的句子的不适当性是与带有know、 the、 both并行句子的适当性相关的。反预设不同于预设,它不能用域条件进行解释;它相似于级差含义问题,但要为反预设与级差含义提供统一的解释却面临着问题。O. Percus和E.Chemla使用最大化预设理论来考察反预设,并对反预设进行了认知步骤的解释。但在最大化预设的理论框架下,反预设的一些具体性质还有待澄清。按触发反预设的词汇
Abstract:
Antipresuppositions are triggered by some lexical items that express belief and scalar implicature such as think, know,a, the,all and both. Antipresupposition is different from presupposition, application of the domain condition cant interprete it. Antipresupposition is similar to the scalar implicature, but it some problems to give a unified account for them has to face. O. Percus and E.Chemla revised the maximize presupposition to descript it and provided an epistemic step. However, some specific properties of it must be clarified in the maximize presupposition. The paper gives an explanation for antipresupposition through lexical types——propositional attitude words and quantifiers and points out that the condition of proposition prejection can give a good interpretation for the antipresupposition triggered by propositional attitude words and that the incompatibility of quantifiers is the cause for antipresupposition of quantifiers.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-03-14 基金项目:教育部人文社会科学青年项目(09YJC740058) 作者简介:廖德明(1976- ),男,四川仁寿人,西华师范大学文学院副教授,博士,研究领域为认知语言学;李佳源(1979- ),女,四川南充人,西华师范大学管理学院副教授,博士,研究领域为应用心理学。
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-05-25